Stress connected with the work of nurses and midwives and the styles of managing stress

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Marzena Kaźmierczak, Grażyna Gebuza, Małgorzata Gierszewska, Estera Mieczkowska, Agnieszka Dombrowska-Pali, Marta Kłosowska

4 (61) 2019 s. 295–311
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Fraza do cytowania: Kaźmierczak M., Gebuza G., Gierszewska M., Mieczkowska E., Dombrowska-Pali A., Kłosowska M. Stress connected with the work of nurses and midwives and the styles of managing stress. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2019;4(61):295–311. DOI:

Introduction. Coping with stress in the right manner constitutes an important aspect of neutralising emotional tension. Material and methods. After receiving the approval of Bioethics Committee (KB 196/2017), 174 individuals from nursing staff were included into thestudy. The assessment of coping with stress was conducted with the use of Mini-COPE. Results. The strategy of “active coping” was the most frequent manner of handling stress amongst nursing staff. No statistically significant difference between the styles of coping with stress amongst nurses and midwives was found (p>0.05). Health professionals over 50 years old used the strategy of “blaming themselves” significantly more frequently (p=0.0383). Professional experience (16-20 years) conditioned choosing the strategy of “looking for emotional support” (p<0.05) and “blaming oneself” (p<0.01) significantly more frequently.Job satisfaction concerned choosing the strategy of “positive revaluation” and “looking for instrumental support” (p<0.05). Lack of cooperation within a therapeutic team conditioned choosing the strategy of “dealing with something else” significantly more frequently (p<0.01). The nursing staff from Brodnica used the strategy of “positive revaluation” significantly more often. Health professionals from Rypin chose the strategy of “sense of humour” significantly more frequently (p<0.05). Nurses and midwives from Bydgoszcz would choose the strategy of “looking for emotional support” significantly more often. Conclusions. Performing the occupation of nurse and midwife generates a considerable risk of exposure to stress.In spite of numerous factors evoking emotional tension amongst health professionals the study group used active strategies of neutralising stress. This, in turn, significantly contributes to maintaining mental health.

Key words: midwife, nurse, work, stress, coping with stress, Inventory for Measuring Coping with Stress (Mini-COPE).

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