The prevalence of depression and anxiety in women during menopausal transition

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Dorota Koligat, Anna Paczkowska, Michał Michalak, Anna Kaźmierczak, Marzena Skurzyńska, Katarzyna Anusiak, Natalia Dyśko, Ewa Lipczyńska, Natasza Czaja, Tomasz Zaprutko, Krzysztof Kus, Elżbieta Nowakowska

3 (44) 2015 s. 159–163
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Fraza do cytowania: Koligat D., Paczkowska A., Michalak M., Kaźmierczak A., Skurzyńska M., Anusiak K., Dyśko N., Lipczyńska E., Czaja N., Zaprutko T., Kus K., Nowakowska E. The prevalence of depression and anxiety in women during menopausal transition. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2015;3(44):159–163.

Introduction. Menopause is associated with hormonal changes in a woman’s body, responsible for the occurrence of many diseases. For menopausal symptoms, sometimes referred to as climacteric, include hot flashes, sweating, palpitations, headaches, dizziness, insomnia, mood swings, difficulty in concentration and memory, depression, and even depression. The body of menopausal women undergoing many changes, also in the mental sphere. Aim. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of symptoms of the menopause, anxiety, and depression, depending on the period of menopause, as well as verification of the most common ways of coping with these symptoms among women during menopazuy. Material and methods. Cross‑sectional population‑based study have included randomly selected women (n = 300) in menopausal age (40–65 years old) from across the Poland. The study group was divided into three subgroups (pre-, peri- or post‑menopausal). To evaluate the severity of menopausal symptoms used Kupperman index (CI). The assessment of the severity of depressive‑anxiety disorders was carried out using HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). The study was carried out with the participation of members of the student scientific circle. The study was approved by the regional Bioethics Committee. Results. The strongest menopausal symptoms were observed in perimenopausal women. The vast majority of women did not have any symptoms indicating the existence of a strong depression and anxiety, but have been observed sporadic cases, in which these symptoms occurred on medium and light level. The highest percentage of women who have had mild symptoms of anxiety and depression were observed in postmenopausal period. Conclusions. Peri- and postmenopausal period is a time when there is the greatest risk of depression and anxiety among women. Therefore it is very important, to women who are in this period received specific support from their families, and were under the care of a psychologist.

Key words: menopause, depression, anxiety, surveys.

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