Health behaviors and self-efficacy of students from the Canada

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Joanna Irena Zalewska-Puchała, Wioleta Gąska, Anna Majda

4 (61) 2019 s. 312–318
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Fraza do cytowania: Zalewska-Puchała J.I., Gąska W., Majda A. Health behaviors and self-efficacy of students from the Canada. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2019;4(61):312–318. DOI:

Introduction. People of different cultures are increasingly coming to Poland, choosing our country as a place to live or just study. Young Canadians choose Poland as a country of higher education, presenting their multiculturalism, customs, traditions and lifestyle. From the standpoint of broadly understood health care, it is very important to know their culture and habits that can influence health behaviors, as well as the approach to health, disease and treatment. Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to learn about health behaviors as well as the sense of self-efficacy of students from the Canadian studying in Poland. Material and methods. The study was conducted by the diagnostic survey method, using the research tools in the form of the author's questionnaire survey and the Scale of Generalized Efficacy by R. Schwarzer and M. Jerusalem. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistica 10.0, using the Pearson chi-square independence test. In the survey was participated 62 students from Canada who live in Krakow, Wrocław and Warszawa. Results. Most of the students studied presented healthy behaviors in the form of: regular meals at the same times, number of hours over the course of the day. The most prevalent unhealthy behaviors for the majority of students were alcohol consumption, smoking tobacco, coffee drinking, and intercourse between meals. Animal fat, fruit and light bread dominated in the daily diet of over half of the students surveyed. The majority of students studied were characterized by high levels of generalized self-efficacy. Conclusion. Risky behaviors in the study group of students from Canada tend to undertake broader preventive actions, including acculturation support.

Key words: health behaviour, self-efficacy, Canadians.

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