Occupational hazards of radiographers and radiologic technologist in patient’s assessment

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Ewa Pasieka, Robert Milewski, Tomasz Cieślik

3 (60) 2019 s. 183–187
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20883/ppnoz.2019.44

Fraza do cytowania: Pasieka E., Milewski R., Cieślik T. Occupational hazards of radiographers and radiologic technologist in patient’s assessment. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2019;3(60):183–187. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20883/ppnoz.2019.44

Introduction. The beginning of a regular education of persons which perform radiography is related with Maria Sklodowska-Curie. During the First World War the scientist created a frontal radiological service, which the main aim was an emergency X-ray of injured soldiers. Workers operating X-ray machines were passing a special course, which included knowledge about ionizing radiation and rules of wound care. Nowadays the main duty of radiographers and radiologic technologist is connection between patient’s health care and performing radiography. During a classical radiography the medical staff is exposed to occupational hazards: physical, biological and mental. Aim. The main aim of this paper is an assessment of patient’s perception about selected occupational hazards in persons which performing a radiography. Material and methods. The study was performed in group of 300 patients of Radiology Department of Medical University of Bialystok Clinical Hospital, between October 2015 and June 2016.The study used the diagnostic poll method, based on the original questionnaire. Detailed questions were concentrated on ionizing radiation exposure and biological factors in work of radiographers and radiologic technologist. In responses was a ten-point scale. The statistical analysis was made with Statistica 12.5 and MS Excel 2013. Results. In analyzed material the main percentage were women (53%). Patients which took X-ray exams more than 5 times pointed at a higher risk of radiation danger (p = .002415). Connection between gender, age or profession and assessment of X-ray radiation has not been shown. The median assessment of X-ray radiation risk is about 7.4 and biological factors 5.7 in ten-point scale. Conclusions. In the patient’s opinion, radiographers and radiologic technologists are more exposed to X-rays than to biological agents.

Key words: radiographer, radiologic technologist, patient, X-ray, occupational hazards.

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