Radiation safety of medical personnel in the diagnosis of female infertility by histerosalphinography

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Mieczysława U. Jurczyk, Karolina Chmaj-Wierzchowska, Lucyna Kasprzyk

4 (53) 2017 s. 409–417
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Fraza do cytowania: Jurczyk M.U., Chmaj-Wierzchowska K., Kasprzyk L. Radiation safety of medical personnel in the diagnosis of female infertility by histerosalphinography. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2017;4(53):409–417.

Introduction. Hysterosalpingography is based on the administration of a shading agent to the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes using Schulze apparatus or a catheter with a sealing balloon. Using an X-ray beam (X) directed at the diagnosed area of the patient, diagnostic images are obtained for evaluation. The radiation beam and its mode of administration have a decisive influence on the radiation dose to which the patient and the physician performing the test are exposed. [1]. Aim. The aim of the study was to assess the exposure of medical staff performing the hysterosalpingography diagnostics. Material and methods. In the recent work, a group of physicians exposed to ionizing radiation in the period of 5 years, performing diagnostics on patients with HSG technique in the Laboratory of Gynecological and Obstetric Radiology of the Clinical Hospital in Poznań, were included in the study. Radiation dose, to which the physicians were exposed, on the area most exposed in the examination was evaluated. Results. Equivalent doses administered on palms during one study of sixty nine physicians were analyzed. The exposure of the individual physicians was evaluated during one year period and also during the five years one. Discussion. It has been shown that the method and technique of X-ray dose distribution from a diagnostic apparatus in an HSG exposes the physician performing the diagnostics to a safe level not exceeding the exposure level specified in the working procedures and radiological protection regulations [1, 2, 3].

Key words: radiation safety, equivalent dose, exposure to radiation X.

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