Hospice with the eyes of young people. Analysis of hospice care conducted in Poland

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Weronika Ciećko, Katarzyna Pogorzelczyk, Marzena Zarzeczna-Baran, Ewa Bandurska

3 (52) 2017 s. 299–304
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Fraza do cytowania: Ciećko W., Pogorzelczyk K., Zarzeczna-Baran M., Bandurska E. Hospice with the eyes of young people. Analysis of hospice care conducted in Poland. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2017;3(52):299–304.

Introduction. Palliative and hospice care is an important part of the health system. Supporting a terminally ill person is a chief step aimed at providing psychological care, symptom control, and improve the quality of life. Aim. The main aim of the study is to identify young people's awareness of hospice care and related topics. Material. The study included 168 people who have agreed to enter the study. The average age of respondents was 24 years (18–30 years). Methods. The research tool was a questionnaire prepared by the researchers. The study was conducted in traditional paper and using Google Form. The author's questionnaire consisted of metrics and eleven closed questions. Results. Most of the respondents (n = 69; 41.07%) rated the hospices well, and as many as 66 people (39.29%) could not determine their opinion on the topic. A significant part of respondents (n = 92; 54.6%) could not determine whether the number of hospices in Poland is sufficient. Nearly 1/3 of respondents (n = 57; 33.93%) would not recommend hospice care if someone in their surroundings was suffering from terminal illness. Contact with the hospice by close relatives was confirmed by 36 people (21.43%). Most often under hospice care were grandparents (n = 20; 55.56%). The assessment of the overall activities of hospices was not dependent on previous contact through relatives (Chi2 = 1.30; p = 0.52086). More than half of the respondents (n = 108; 64.29%) never met the term "living will", but those who knew it more often supported it (Chi2 = 124.91; p = 0.0000). The majority of the respondents were against the use of persistent therapy, more often men (Chi2 = 7,88; p = 0.0486). Conclusions. The knowledge and awareness of young people about hospice care seems to be insufficient.

Key words: hospice, persistent therapy, living will.

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