The health locus of control and the declared health behaviour in a group of healthcare professionals and people working in non-medical professions

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Grzegorz Józef Nowicki, Barbara Ślusarska, Magdalena Młynarska, Ewa Rudnicka-Drożak, Ewa Chemperek, Mariusz Gawroński

1 (50) 2017 s. 38–48
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Fraza do cytowania: Nowicki G.J., Ślusarska B., Młynarska M., Rudnicka-Drożak E., Chemperek E., Gawroński M. The health locus of control and the declared health behaviour in a group of healthcare professionals and people working in non-medical professions. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2017;1(50):38–48.

Introduction. The sense of health locus of control, which determines the sources of influence on one’s state of health, is of great significance in modifying health-related behaviour. Aim. A comparison of the health locus of control in a group of healthcare professionals and in a group of people working in non-medical professions, as well as the evaluation of its influence on the level of declared health behaviour. Material and methods. The research was carried out among 598 professionally active adults – healthcare professionals (group M) and people working in non-medical professions (group P). The research method was a diagnostic survey with the use of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale (MHLC), version B,and alsowith the use of the Health-Related Behaviour Inventory (HBI). Results. In both studied groups, M and P, the internal locus of control reached the highest level. People from group M displayed a substantially higher level of declared health behaviour (p < 0.05). The health locus of control in the category of external influence correlates positively with the overall evaluation of health behaviour in both groups (p < 0.05). In addition, group P also displayed a positive correlation with the internal locus of control p < 0.001). Conclusions. The health locus of control constitutes a crucial factor in the health-promoting behaviour of professionally active people, irrespective of the kind of work they do.

Key words: health behaviour, health locus of control, professionally active people.



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