Quality of life of prostate cancer patients

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Ilona Zaręba, Joanna Stelmaszewska, Katarzyna Siemionow, Paweł Kitlas, Milena Osińska, Renata Zaręba, Paweł Drągowski, Izabela Prokop, Edyta Rysiak

4 (49) 2016 s. 453–457
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20883/ppnoz.2016.36

Fraza do cytowania: Zaręba I., Stelmaszewska J., Siemionow K., Kitlas P., Osińska M., Zaręba R., Drągowski P., Prokop I., Rysiak E. Quality of life of prostate cancer patients. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2016;4(49):453–457. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20883/ppnoz.2016.36

Prostate cancer, known as prostate cancer, is the most common cancer characterized by a high mortality cancer genitourinary tract in men. The risk factors is among the age, genetic load, chemical and ethnicity. In the initial stage of the disease prostate cancer develops without symptoms. In the later stages of the disease arise in primarily non-specific symptoms. The basic characteristic symptoms of prostate cancer include problems with urination and sexual intercourse. The diagnosis of prostate cancer an extremely important role played by preventive medical examinations, in which the main test is to determine the concentration of PSA and further examination per rectum. Depending on the severity of the disease to treat prostate cancer used: careful observation, active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy, radical, experimental topical treatment of cancer and hormonal therapy. Patient quality of life, seen as a multidimensional aspect of well-being and functioning of the patient, is an indispensable element of a quick recovery, but above all the difficult fight against the disease. Patients diagnosed with prostate cancer often face many problems, both physical, mental and social, but above all psychological. This charge is related to closely embarrassing for the patient zone issues urogenital system. Numerous concerns occurring during treatment are accompanied by decreased emotional state and falling into depression, which reduced the quality of life of the patient.

Key words: prostate cancer, quality of life.

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