Czy personel medyczny właściwie przeprowadza badania przesiewowe w kierunku raka gruczołu piersiowego?

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Paulina Siewert, Karolina Chmaj-Wierzchowska, Jan Tuzel, Małgorzata Kampioni, Mieczysława U. Jurczyk, Maciej Wilczak

1 (50) 2017 s. 16–23
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Fraza do cytowania: Siewert P., Chmaj-Wierzchowska K., Tuzel J., Kampioni M., U. Jurczyk M., Wilczak M. Czy personel medyczny właściwie przeprowadza badania przesiewowe w kierunku raka gruczołu piersiowego?. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2017;1(50):16–23.

Introduction. Breast cancer is the second most frequent type of cancer in the world. As the most frequent female cancer type in Poland, breast cancer comes first in terms of incidence. Poland numbers among countries of medium incidence and mortality of this disease. In 2010, 15 784 cases of breast cancer were recorded, which accounted for 22.4% of the total count of incident tumours. The majority of females do realise the possibility of developing cancer, but are unaware of the associated risk factors. The identification and avoidance of modifiable risk factors presents a viable approach to the reduction of the incidence of breast cancer. Aim. The aim of the study was to collect information on the practical use of prophylactic tests by medical personnel and the knowledge of principles and purpose of screening among patients. Material and methods. The survey, which was carried out in the Women’s Health Centre in Lubin, lasted from 1 September 2015 to 31 January 2016 and included 129 respondents. The questionnaire consisted of 14 closed questions. The majority of the questions were concerned with undergoing tests within the framework of breast cancer prevention. Results. The majority of the respondents admitted that the person who had shared with them information regarding breast cancer prevention had been the gynaecologist – 63%. At the same time, the surveyed women declared that it had not been the nurse (85%), the family doctor (84%) or the midwife (73%). Conclusions. The gynaecologist is considered as a main source of information on breast cancer prevention. Gynaecologists do not discharge this duty sufficiently. Family doctors do not discharge their duty of clinical breast examination and informing patients of breast cancer. Women do not undergo prophylactic tests related to breast cancer on a regular basis. Menstruating and non-menstruating women’s knowledge of the appropriate time that breast self- -examination should be performed is insufficient.

Słowa kluczowe: breast cancer, prevention, breast examinatio, breast self-examination.

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